Articles 52-151 : Part V (5) : The Union


The President and Vice-President

Article 52. The President of India
Article 53. Executive power of the Union
Article 54. Election of President
Article 55. Manner of election of President
Article 56. Term of office of President
Article 57. Eligibility for re-election
Article 58. Qualifications for election as President
Article 59. Conditions of President’s office
Article 60. Oath or affirmation by the President
Article 61. Procedure for impeachment of the President
Article 62. Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of President and the term of office of person elected to fill casual vacancy


Article 63. The Vice-President of India
Article 64. The Vice-President to be ex officio Chairman of the Council of States
Article 65. The Vice-President to act as President or to discharge his functions during casual vacancies in the office, or during the absence, of President
Article 66. Election of Vice-President
Article 67. Term of office of Vice-President
Article 68. Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of Vice-President and the term of office of person elected to fill casual vacancy
Article 69. Oath or affirmation by the Vice-President
Article 70. Discharge of President’s functions in other contingencies

Article 71. Matters relating to, or connected with, the election of a President or Vice-Precident
Article 72. Power of President to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit
or commute sentences in certain cases
Article 73. Extent of executive power of the Union

Council of Ministers

Article 74. Council of Ministers to aid and advise President
Article 75. Other provisions as to Ministers

The Attorney-General for India

Article 76. Attorney-General for India

Conduct of Government Business

Article 77. Conduct of business of the Government of India
Article 78. Duties of Prime Minister as respects the furnishing of information to
the President, etc.



Article 79. Constitution of Parliament
Article 80. Composition of the Council of States
Article 81. Composition of the House of the People
Article 82. Readjustment after each census
Article 83. Duration of Houses of Parliament
Article 84. Qualification for membership of Parliament
Article 85. Sessions of Parliament, prorogation and dissolution
Article 86. Right of President to address and send messages to Houses
Article 87. Special address by the President
Article 88. Rights of Ministers and Attorney-General as respects Houses

Officers of Parliament

Article 89. The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Council of States
Article 90. Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the office of Deputy Chairman
Article 91. Power of the Deputy Chairman or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as, Chairman
Article 92. The Chairman or the Deputy Chairman not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration
Article 93. The Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the House of the People
Article 94. Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the offices of Speaker and Deputy Speaker
Article 95. Power of the Deputy Speaker or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as, Speaker
Article 96. The Speaker or the Deputy Speaker not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration
Article 97. Salaries and allowances of the Chairman and Deputy Chairman and the Speaker and Deputy Speaker
Article 98. Secretariat of Parliament

Conduct of Business

Article 99. Oath or affirmation by members
Article 100. Voting in Houses, power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies and quorum

Disqualifications of Members

Article 101. Vacation of seats
Article 102. Disqualifications for membership
Article 103. Decision on questions as to disqualifications of members
Article 104. Penalty for sitting and voting before making oath or affirmation under article 99 or when not qualified or when disqualified

Powers, Privileges and Immunities of Parliament and its Members

Article 105. Powers, privileges, etc., of the Houses of Parliament and of the members and committees thereof
Article 106. Salaries and allowances of members.

Legislative Procedure

Article 107. Provisions as to introduction and passing of Bills
Article 108. Joint sitting of both Houses in certain cases
Article 109. Special procedure in respect of Money Bills
Article 110. Definition of “Money Bills”
Article 111. Assent to Bills

Procedure in Financial Matters

Article 112. Annual financial statement
Article 113. Procedure in Parliament with respect to estimates
Article 114. Appropriation Bills
Article 115. Supplementary, additional or excess grants
Article 116. Votes on account, votes of credit and exceptional grants
Article 117. Special provisions as to financial Bills

Procedure Generally

Article 118. Rules of procedure
Article 119. Regulation by law of procedure in Parliament in relation to financial business
Article 120. Language to be used in Parliament
Article 121. Restriction on discussion in Parliament
Article 122. Courts not to inquire into proceedings of Parliament


Article 123. Power of President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Parliament


Article 124. Establishment and constitution of Supreme Court
Article 125. Salaries, etc., of Judges
Article 126. Appointment of acting Chief Justice
Article 127. Appointment of ad hoc judges
Article 128. Attendance of retired Judges at sittings of the Supreme Court
Article 129. Supreme Court to be a court of record
Article 130. Seat of Supreme Court
Article 131. Original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
Article 131A. [Repealed.]
Article 132. Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Courts in certain cases
Article 133. Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Courts in regard to Civil matters
Article 134. Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in regard to criminal matters
Article 134A. Certificate for appeal to the Supreme Court
Article 135. Jurisdiction and powers of the Federal Court under existing law to be exercisable by the Supreme Court
Article 136. Special leave to appeal by the Supreme Court
Article 137. Review of judgments or orders by the Supreme Court
Article 138. Enlargement of the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
Article 139. Conferment on the Supreme Court of powers to issue certain writs
Article 139A. Transfer of certain cases
Article 140. Ancillary powers of Supreme Court
Article 141. Law declared by Supreme Court to be binding on all courts
Article 142. Enforcement of decrees and orders of Supreme Court and orders as to discovery, etc.
Article 143. Power of President to consult Supreme Court
Article 144. Civil and judicial authorities to act in aid of the Supreme Court
Article 144A. [Repealed.]
Article 145. Rules of Court, etc.
Article 146. Officers and servants and the expenses of the Supreme Court
Article 147. Interpretation


Article 148. Comptroller and Auditor-General of India
Article 149. Duties and powers of the Comptroller and Auditor-General
Article 150. Form of accounts of the Union and of the States